We probably all know someone who has suffered a fracture or even, we ourselves could have been affected by one, but do we know what the different types of fractures that exist are and what their treatment can be?
Best physiotherapy in Brampton can be a beneficial option in healing bone fractures. It focuses on improving mobility, strength, and flexibility around the fracture site, aiding in the recovery process and preventing complications such as muscle weakness and joint stiffness.
What is a fracture?
The loss or solution of continuity of the bone surface is called a fracture. In the case of children, the bone is not yet fully constituted, and cartilage appears in its place, more flexible and malleable.
To classify the different types of fracture, we must stick to various parameters:
According to the dividing line:
- Complete fracture,
- Incomplete fracture –
- Fissures: Fissures represent a small break in a part of the bone, but it does not generate a discontinuity in the bone.
- Greenstick fracture: Greenstick fractures occur in children since they present bone immaturity and therefore, the bone does not break but rather bends just like the stem of plants, hence the name of your name.
According to the number of bone fragments:
The most common is that clean fractures appear that divide the bone segment into two parts. In some cases, complications occur with many bony portions, called comminuted fractures.
According to the integrity of the skin:
- Open fractures: break skin and subcutaneous tissue.
- Closed fractures: a broken bone that does not break the skin.
According to the direction that the fracture line takes:
Stress fracture is an injury closely linked to sport, although it is not exclusive to athletes. The bone regenerates itself and its recovery is almost always with conservative treatment. Best physiotherapy is the ideal solution. Surgical treatment will only be necessary if the fracture is in a high-risk area.
Clavicle fracture occurs due to sports injuries and blows to the lateral aspect of the shoulder. Among the sports that may be predisposed to this injury we have: cycling, motorcycling, horse riding, basketball, soccer, and others. In adults, 90% of treatments are conservative, but 10% can be surgical.
Physiotherapy treatment of fractures
The figure of the physiotherapist plays a vital role in the treatment of traumatic injuries, and especially in the case of fractures. The best physiotherapy specialist in Brampton will work to favor and stimulate the synthesis of calcium and promote the process of bone regeneration. The most important thing is that the bone heals and does it correctly, maintaining the bone line.
As in any traumatic injury, there will be secondary injuries to this main one, such as swelling and bleeding. The inflammatory response is a healthy and necessary physiological process. Physiotherapy utilizes various techniques and methods to aid in the healing of bone fractures.
Here are some commonly employed approaches –
Range of motion exercises to maintain and improve joint mobility surrounding the fracture site
Strengthening exercises to rebuild muscle strength and improve overall function
Manual therapy to improve joint mobility and reduce pain
Electrical stimulation (TENS) can be employed to alleviate pain, and reduce muscle atrophy
Ultrasound therapy may facilitate bone healing by increasing blood flow, and reducing inflammation.
Functional training are designed to help individuals regain functional abilities
Gait training may involve relearning proper walking or weight-bearing techniques.
Best physiotherapy & bone regeneration
At the muscular level, there will be atrophy and decreased muscle tone due to inactivity, so we will have to do progressive recovery work, working at first with isometric (static) contractions, then moving on to concentric and eccentric contractions. At the joint and tissue level, due to immobilization there will be stiffness, limitation of movement, and retractions.
We’ll have to re-educate the joint in question to improve motor control, improve the flexibility of the tissues, and prevent injuries in the future. Another of the components to work on will be the joint capsule, preventing it from adhering, and blocking the joint.
A wrist fracture in a tennis player is not the same as in a soccer player. Do you agree? It’ll not have the same repercussion and importance. That is why recovery must be individualized. But it will be the diagnosis and the patient's profile that will set the treatment guidelines.
Are you being diagnosed with a bone fracture? Do you fast track your recovery process after a surgery? To avail the best physiotherapy treatment in Brampton, look no further than Finch Gate Physio clinic.